Digital Imaging: Camera Features

There are certain features you will want in your camera and there are certain features you will want to look for so that you can turn them off.  Here are some of the terms you need to know.

Flash
Flash is something that you should generally not use.  It is positioned in one part of the camera and will light your art poorly.  Secondly, it will produce “Red Eye” because your subjects eyes are usually level with the flash.  It will produce images that are not color accurate and we all know that artists really need color accurate photos.

White Balance
Different sources of light have different color casts to them.  For example incandescent (light bulbs) tend to have a yellow cast to them.  Fluorescent light can have a blue or yellow cast to them.  Most cameras will automatically adjust this for you, unless you go to the menu and manually tell it what to do.  Some even have settings for taking photos at night.  In most cases I highly recommend turning this off all together.  Especially if you are shooting photos of your art.  Color accuracy is everything and you can always make adjustments on your computer.

ISO
This refers to shutter speed and the more ISO you have the more options for exposure you will have. For example if you are outdoors in direct sunlight you will need a slower speed because you won’t need to capture as much light.  If you’re shooting images at night you will want to use a slower speed.

Noise Reduction
This is not sound.  This refers to the blurry little pixels you sometimes see around images.  This is a good feature to have and if you get a camera that shoots in Camera Raw, this is less likely to happen. This is also not so important because you can control it in Photoshop or other photo editing software.  In Photoshop it’s called “Despeckling.”

Image Size
On Camera Raw you will be able to capture huge photos. Even on a Compact Camera you will capture rather large photos – sometimes as much as 20 inches.  It’s important to be aware of that and take control over it.  I will discuss that in the post about software. You will want a larger Image Size because it will give you much more capability.

Zoom Control
Some cameras will allow you to turn off Digital Zoom.  This is very useful because in most cases you will want Optical Zoom only.

Image Quality
This is almost the same as Image Size.  It usually has settings like Fine, Normal and Economy.  See Image Size for more information.

Camera Charging and Information Processing
Make sure that the way the camera charges and moves information from your camera to the computer is convenient.  Mine has a “cradle” which is almost like a tray that connects to a plug and to the computer.  Some require that you remove the memory card and insert it into a device in order to move information from the camera to your computer.

Focus
Most cameras will have Auto Focus and that’s generally fine.  You may want some control though.  Even Compact Cameras have control over that but SLR Cameras will allow you the most control.

The best tip I can give you is when you first get the camera, sit down with it and the instruction manual and go through it step by step. This should take you a few hours.  You will want to make the most of everything you’ve got.  Not just for your art but because your camera can help you actually make the art. You may become a photographer once you have one because you’ll be having so much fun with it.

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3 thoughts on “Digital Imaging: Camera Features

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